Chairmaking Tools

 

Instructions for using
and sharpening these
travishers can be
found here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions for using
these reamers can
be found here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An article about the pros
and cons of 6 versus
11 degree tapered
tenons can be
found here.

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions for using
these rounders can
be found here.

Chairmaking Tools


Travishers


4.5" Radius:

Based on a design by chairmaker Peter Galbert, these travishers are made specifically for chair seats. Maple soles are glued onto the walnut bodies for increased wear resistance. Blades are hand forged from 1/8" thick O1 tool steel and bent in a 4.5" radius, tight enough to fit in the back of the very deepest of seats. Made in conjunction with Bill Anderson, a good friend and longtime woodworker.

12" radius:

While visiting Dave Sawyer, professional Windsor chairmaker for over thirty years, I found he used a travisher with an 12" radius to great effect on the front half of his seats. Final scraping of the seat was easier because the travisher's curve closely matched the seat's curve, leaving a flatter surface. While not as versatile as the 4.5" radius travisher above, this flatter one complements it nicely. We are out of 12" travishers and it will be a long time before we have more.

Travishers are $125 each.


Deluxe Travishers


Bill Anderson makes and sells these these beautiful curly maple travishers. The handles are contoured to fit the hand comfortably and Ebony sole plates are virtually wear proof.


Travisher Blades


These are the same blades used on our standard and deluxe travishers. They are bent in either a 4.5" or 12" radius curve and are professionally tempered to RC 60-62 hardness. They come with two counter-sunk holes for a #8-32 machine screw and a bevel ground at 30 degrees. They come unsharpened. I am currently out of blades and it will be a few months before I have more.

Travisher blades are $30 each


Reamers


This tool reams the arm stump and leg holes in the seat to a six degree taper. It also works for reaming the arm stump holes in the arm. The blade is 5/16" at the small end and 1 1/4" at the large end. Custom reamers are available in 8 and 11 degree tapers, as well as custom sizes. See Jennie Alexander's website for instructions on making your own. Developed by Richard Starr.

Reamers are $60 each.
Custom reamers are available at $70 each.


Rounders


Legs and Arm Stumps:

Why use a rounder? My legs and arm stumps are turned green and over-sized. I dry them in a kiln, then cut the tenons to final size. There are a couple of methods. The tenons can be cut on the lathe and this is probably the most accurate method, assuming you have good turning skills. The tenon is automatically aligned with the center-line of the turning and it is easy to make a tenon without a shoulder.

Rounders automatically make a tenon of the correct taper, however they leave a shoulder which must be removed to ensure a good joint. This can be done with a chisel or on the lathe (I usually use the lathe). A little care is required to ensure the tenon is straight on the leg; the less wood the rounder has to remove, the less chance it has to get off course.

Leg rounders are 11/16" diameter at the small end and the arm stump rounder is 1/2". Custom rounders are available in 8 and 11 degree tapers, as well as custom sizes.

Spindles:

Getting a round, perfectly sized tenon on the bottom end of a spindle can be time-consuming. This tool cuts a 1" long tenon and then a shallow taper which can later be removed with a spokeshave or drawknife. It cuts a nominal 1/2" diameter tenon, though the diameter is adjustable up to around .015" over-sized. The less wood the tool has to take off, the cleaner the cut will be.

Note: I have recently started using a 1/2" tenon cutter made by Lee Valley for cutting the spindle tenons. It's half the price of mine, and while it won't cut a tenon as over-sized as mine can, if your drill bit is close to nominal size it's a decent option. It can, however, be a royal pain to adjust.

All Rounders are $60 each.
Custom sizes are available at $70 each.


Set of Four


Includes one arm stump rounder, one leg rounder, one spindle rounder and one reamer. A set of three is also available; you may mix and match any combination of rounders and reamers.

A set of four is $210
A set of three is $165